By Stephen Howe
A full of life problem to the Afrocentric rewriting of African heritage. for hundreds of years, racist, colonial and Eurocentric bias has blocked or distorted wisdom of Africans, their histories and cultures. The problem to that bias has been one of many maximum highbrow modifications of the overdue 20th century. yet along this problem has arisen a counter mythology, proclaiming the innate superiority of African-descended peoples. during this provocative learn, Stephen Howe powerfully argues that this Afrocentric flow is to blame of reproducing the entire significant gains of the superseded Euro-racist scholarship. supplying a commonly fictional heritage of Africa and its Diaspora, established on extraordinary principles approximately historic Egypt, Howe argues that Afrocentrism is a symptom of, instead of a treatment for, determined political and monetary difficulties. In Afrocentrism, Howe lines the resources and ancestries of the flow, and heavily analyses the writings of its major proponents together with Molefi Asante and the mythical Senegalese historian Cheikh Anta Diop. Martin Bernal's contribution is additionally assessed. Hard-hitting but sophisticated and scholarly in its appraisal of Afrocentric principles, and in line with wide-ranging study within the histories either one of Afro-America and of Africa itself, Afrocentrism not just demolishes the legendary "history" taught via black ultra-nationalists yet indicates paths in the direction of a real ancient cognizance of Africa and its Diaspora.
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Additional resources for Afrocentrism: Mythical Pasts and Imagined Homes
Whatever one’s interpretation of events, the stigma around males masturbating together is decreasing. Whereas it used to be that one act or pseudo-act of same-sex sexual activity disqualified one from socially perceived heterosexual status, there has been a slippage to this rule in recent years. As homosexuality grows less stigmatized, so do acts of it. See also Male Bonding; Masturbation; Ookie-Cookie Further Reading Anderson, Eric. In the Game: Gay Athletes and the Cult of Masculinity. Albany: State University of New York Press, 2005.
The interdiction of castrati by the pope took place in 1902–3. The last one, Moreschi, left the Sistine Chapel in 1913, leaving some recordings of his voice for posterity. See also Castration; Eunuchs Further Reading Barbier, Patrick. Farinelli, le castrat des Lumières. Paris: Grasset, 1992. Barbier, Patrick. Histoire des Castrats. Paris: Grasset, 1989. (English translation: The world of the castrati. ) Herriot, Angus. The Castrati in Opera. London: Calder and Boyars, 1956. Mamy, Sylvie. Les castrats, Que Sais-Je series no.
See also Playgirl; Pornography and Erotica; Size Further Reading Cole, Taylor, and Justin Whitfield. Take It Off! The Naked Truth about Male Strippers. Akron, OH: Ellora’s Cave, 2012. Smith, Clarissa. Shiny Chests and Heaving G-Strings: A Night Out with the Chippendales. Sexualities 5, no. 1 (2002): 67–89. Sterry, David Henry. Master of Ceremonies: A True Story of Love, Murder, Roller Skates and Chippendales. Edinburgh: Canongate Books, 2008. ■ CLARISSA SMITH CIRCLE JERK Circle jerk represents a homosocial pseudosexual activity among heterosexual teenaged and university-aged boys.
Afrocentrism: Mythical Pasts and Imagined Homes by Stephen Howe