By Heiko Haumann
The origins and lifetime of East eu Jewry took on new historic and political significance after the Holocaust. In Poland by myself ninety nine consistent with cent of Polish Jews 3 million in all have been killed; Yiddish as a spoken language kind of disappeared. This quantity provides a background of East eu Jewry from its beginnings to the interval after the Holocaust. It offers an outline of the demographic, political, socioeconomic, spiritual and cultural stipulations of Jewish groups in Poland, Russia, Bohemia and Moravia.Interesting issues contain the tale of early settlers, the 'Golden Age', the effect of the Kabbalah and Hasidism. shiny snap shots of Jewish relatives existence and spiritual customs make the publication stress-free to learn.
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Extra info for A History of East European Jews
In the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, the Cossacks formed the nucleus of the great revolts against serfdom or the extension of state power. From this standpoint, the Dnieper or Zaporozhian Cossacks— the land 'beyond the rapids' in the bend of the Dnieper before its mouth in the Black Sea was called Zaporozhye—were defending themselves against the attempts of the Polish magnates to colonize Ukraine. Neither they nor the absconded peasants wished to become the serfs of Polish seigneurs and perhaps also be forcibly converted to Catholicism.
7 Something quite new was his idea that, with the divine queen, the Shekhina, the feminine element in God had separated itself from the element of the masculine and that only by redemption will complete oneness in God be restored. This teaching is reflected in one of Isaac Bashevis Singer's stories: He [Reb Yomtov], a talmudic scholar, who was responsible for removing the impure fat and veins from kosher meat, had the soul of a female. When he prayed he called not so much to the Almighty as to the Shekhina, the female complement of God.
Natan Hanower wrote: Nowhere among the scattered Israelites was there so much learning as in Poland. There was a yeshiva in every community and the rector of that yeshiva was always well rewarded so that he could work without cares and make teaching his vocation ... 8 With the onset of wars and devastation from the middle of the seventeenth century, the situation changed drastically. Before then few rich Jews sent their sons to secular schools rather than to kahal schools. Despite the strict adherence to religion, the culture of the Jews in Poland was still not sharply separated from that of their surroundings.
A History of East European Jews by Heiko Haumann