By William Pierce Shephard
From the INTRODUCTION.
In all languages owning a good built expiratory accessory there's chanced on an inclination to weaken the syllables which stand at the decrease levels of accentuation. The strength dedicated to the construction of the syllable on which the primary accessory rests makes invaluable a discount within the strength of the expiration of the opposite syllables of the observe. The vowels of those syllables then exhibit a lack of sonority; and are prone to be lowered to that caliber which calls for the smallest amount of expiratory strength for his or her articulation. merely that half is left that is completely worthwhile for the lifestyles of the syllable. Or, in different circumstances, the relief may work nonetheless farther. Then the weaker syllables disappear fullyyt; the power as soon as expended on their construction is going to swell the strain given to the extra hugely accented syllables, they usually lose their self reliant lifestyles. to monitor the impact of those trends, now we have merely to match a language with a chromatic—or musical—accent with one owning a powerful expiratory rigidity. within the former, the entire vowels are articulated noticeably and usually preserved via lengthy classes of improvement; within the latter, they're first lowered in strength, their articulation is slurred or hasty, and so they usually disappear fullyyt. for instance, in historic Greek, which had absolutely a tone-accent, there are virtually no examples of the syncope of unaccented vowels. the one circumstances of loss are because of the next contraction of 2 vowels status in hiatus after the outfall of an intervocal j or w. yet within the Teutonic department, nevertheless, the vowels of the unaccented syllables are always weakened; from the earliest interval this tendency might be saw, and its operation is unchecked at the moment day. In smooth English those vowels are regularly slurred in pronunciation, and are often weakened to the so-called '' irrational'' vowel (the sound of u in but), that's usually an insignificant voice-glide, with no determined articulation.
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Additional info for A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in Old French
S. S. S. occupation ended as “moral protection” for Germany,104 much as German Fräuleins sought shelter from the severe circumstances they faced through marriage with American soldiers. S. authorities reported an improvement in rates of venereal disease and illegitimate births by 1920. S. 105 A sense of social stability returned to the American zone (though economic stability remained elusive throughout Germany). 106 The American occupation of the Rhineland gained the reputation of being one of the most benign in military history.
Before we join the Bolshevicki [sic]. ” Here, Amaroc editors praised American Doughboys and German Fräuleins 25 the stalwart young women who traversed the high seas to serve doughboys coffee and doughnuts in canteens, to entertain them at dances, to succor their wounds in hospitals: in other words, to play supporting roles to male leads. 48 Patriarchal Marriage and the Lifting of the Fraternization Ban Marriages between soldiers and Rheinländerinnen supported the United States’ stated reason for the occupation—safeguarding German citizens and securing stability in the occupied zone—while they signaled that German women were willing to wade through army bureaucracy and degrading medical exams to protect their offspring legally.
German men perceived the rise in prostitution as a sign of moral chaos, and they, too, took steps to control it. Whether as brides, mothers, or as prostitutes, German women remained subordinate to men (albeit valued subordinates), as subjects under male control. S. S. and Allied officials in Paris brought forth a peace treaty that enabled the victors to serve just deserts to the vanquished. President Wilson and his supporters lobbied for the treaty on the basis of its inclusion of the League of Nations, which he believed would enhance American influence abroad, while his detractors at home feared that involvement in the League would reduce American power (see Chapter 3).
A contribution to the history of the unaccented vowels in Old French by William Pierce Shephard