By Eliot Deutsch, Ron Bontekoe
This amazing quantity bargains scholars, academics and basic readers an entire introductory survey of the foremost non-western philosophical traditions.
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Extra resources for A Companion to World Philosophies
The idea of daily practice as a ceaseless reenactment of the ritual of self-renewal is also consistent with the emphasis that Mencius, Xunzi, and Zhuangzi place on the importance of cumulative effort in spiritual self-transformation. Huineng's outright rejection of essentialism, gradualism, ritualism, literalism, and scholasticism may have been rooted in Daoist iconoclasm, but it was a radical departure from the main stream of Chinese thought. Without sinification of the Indian praxis of dhyana * (contemplation) and prajña* (wisdom), this would not have been possible.
560 BCE) as the son of the elected chief of a small republican country. Stories about Gautama's life are many, and few things are known with certainty. The story of his experiences with old age, sickness, and death experiences of existential anguish that led him to renounce his princely and worldly life and set him on the tortuous path to enlightenment, is rather well known. Upon reaching enlightenment, the wisdom containing his answer to the question of how to escape suffering, Gautama preached, in his first sermon, the fourfold "noble truths," which remain the central belief of Buddhism through all its exuberant growth of sects, schools, rituals, and practices.
All people are my brothers and sisters, and all things are my companions. This assertion about human consanguinity with Heaven and Earth is predicated on: (1) the continuity of being; (2) the organismic unity of all things; and (3) the boundlessness of human sensitivity. Accordingly, Cheng Hao (1032 1085) defines humanity as embodying Heaven, Earth, and the myriad things. While Zhu Xi (1130 1200) was critical of characterizing humanity in terms of undifferentiated and all-embracing sensitivity, he did not question that all modalities of being are endowed with vital energy (qi), that humanity is the "virtue of the heart-mind, and the principle of love" is all encompassing, and that, in principle, there is no limit to human sympathy and empathy.
A Companion to World Philosophies by Eliot Deutsch, Ron Bontekoe