By James H. Smylie
A short background of the Presbyterians deals laity and clergy a succint and thorough advent to the historical past of Presbyterianism. James Smylie chronicles the origins of the Reformed culture and contains the sage via each one next period as much as the eve of the twenty-first century, concentrating on Presbyterianism in North the United States.
All the main figures within the background of Presbyterianism, corresponding to John Calvin, Francis Makemie, and John Witherspoon are incorporated, in addition to a bunch of others.
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Extra resources for A Brief History of the Presbyterians
Most of the Reformed rejected the monarchical and the hierarchical church government and moved toward the conciliar model, which emphasized the parity of the clergy and lay participation in church governance. Thus they expressed their disdain for the papal bureaucracy with its pope, cardinals, bishops, archbishops, arch-this and arch-that-and its many ecclesiastical underlings. Calvin found only four types of church officers in the Bible: pastors and teachers, who were responsible for worship and education; elders, who were responsible for discipline; and deacons, who were responsible for the care of the poor, indigent, and sick in congregations.
In this period, some Congregationalists, as well as some Presbyterians, began to leave England for New England with a desire to be a "City on a Hill," to show what old England's reformation should be. In the New World, Roger Williams (1603-1683), a defender of religious liberty, en- The British Isles 33 gaged in a sharp debate with john Cotton (1584-1652), another Reformed clergyman, about this matter in the 1640s and 1650s. After 1625, when Charles I came to the throne with his Catholic wife, events gradually led to a bloody Civil War that would engulf Scotland and Ireland as well as England.
Patrick Hamilton, after studying in France, brought Luther's teachings back to Scotland. For this he was burned at the stake. His martyrdom in 30 A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE PRESBYTERIANS 1528 lit fires for reform, despite attempts of the Catholics to strengthen ties with Rome and to form an alliance with France. Because of French power in Scotland, the English found it in their interest to encourage Reformation, which flowed from Geneva and other Calvinist centers. So Scotland was Reformed before John Knox (c.
A Brief History of the Presbyterians by James H. Smylie